Governance and Accountability in Africa: Progress and Road Ahead

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Governance and Accountability in Africa: Progress and Highway Ahead

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Remarks by Deputy Managing Director Antoinette M. Sayeh at the High-Degree Convention on the Marketing of Fantastic Governance and Fight Towards Corruption, Gaborone, Botswana

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June 13, 2022

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As ready for delivery

 

A very good morning to all. On behalf of the IMF and its Africa Training Institute, I welcome you to this meeting, jointly arranged with the African Union Fee.

 

Let me get started by thanking Governor Moses Pelaelo and the Botswanan authorities for web hosting this discussion board and for their generous hospitality.

 

It’s in particular appropriate that we are collected in Botswana for this conference. Botswana has an outstanding tale its trajectory—from just one of the world’s poorest economies, to now an higher middle-revenue country—is a testament to your prudent macroeconomic administration, powerful governance, and very good institutions. I am self-confident Botswana can leverage this potent foundation by continuing to uphold the optimum standards of governance.

 

The difficulty of very good governance and transparency is a lot more than just about wasted money – it is about the erosion of a social agreement and the corrosion of the government’s capability to mature the overall economy in a way that rewards all citizens.

 

Of study course, corruption has very long been an difficulty. But right now, as we facial area a number of crises at as soon as – the COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukraine, and the ongoing worries of weather change and the protection circumstance in the Sahel – the need for superior governance has only become more urgent.   

 

These a number of crises have built it very distinct that international locations that have sturdy financial institutions could react additional successfully to these challenges and greater put together for a resilient recovery — and that is correct throughout any amount of enhancement. We also recognize that addressing corruption is an worldwide problem, provided the part of professions that enable corruption and jurisdictions that offer secure harbor for the proceeds of corruption.

 

So these days, I’d like to speak about three factors. Initial: how we, at the IMF, are stepping up our engagement with the location on governance and anti-corruption challenges. Second, some of the achievements stories we are seeing throughout Africa. And ultimately, what are the crucial features of good governance and accountability that stand out in these illustrations – and that the region as a whole ought to target on to definitely seize Africa’s opportunity.

 

Enable me begin with the IMF’s growing emphasis on this situation.

 

The Fund’s enhanced framework on governance and corruption, accepted in 2018, builds on classes we acquired in about 20 years. Our efforts focus on lowering vulnerabilities to corruption by strengthening governance in 6 main condition capabilities: central lender governance, monetary sector governance, fiscal governance, market place regulation, rule of regulation, and anti-dollars laundering.

 

In our plan dialogue with member nations around the world, we look at the energy of their anticorruption framework—especially irrespective of whether it is aligned with the distinct concerns confronting a country—and perform with them on plan options to fortify governance and anticorruption frameworks. But we go further than coverage suggestions. At the ask for of nation authorities, we also deliver technological support and coaching to policymakers in this region.  

 

A lot of this work is coordinated by the IMF’s community of 17 potential progress facilities all over the globe. In point, we have six these facilities in Africa—including the Africa Teaching Institute—that operate closely with international locations and improvement associates to enable create and implement detailed governance reform techniques in locations from fiscal management and central banking and assistance potential building applications in anticorruption and rule of legislation.

 

The IMF also adapted and stepped up this function in reaction to the Covid disaster. When the pandemic initially strike, the IMF took speedy steps to enable member international locations save lives and livelihoods. Our information was: “spend what you will have to, but maintain the receipts,” — prioritize urgent financing even though preserving accountability and transparency.

 

We established out a couple parameters:

 

1st, countries acquiring IMF emergency financing ought to commit to transparency and accountability safeguards. This included publishing COVID-19 related procurement contracts—including advantageous ownership of businesses, conducting and publishing audits, and comprehensive reporting on COVID paying.

 

Second, in conditions of severe governance weaknesses, we labored with authorities to be certain treatments would be taken.

 

And last but not least, for nations around the world acquiring emergency assistance that have, or have sought, multi-calendar year IMF funding arrangements, we continue to carefully interact with them on for a longer period-phrase structural governance and corruption matters. We also have interaction with non-condition actors, which can normally supply valuable insights into governance troubles.

 

These attempts are vital for Africa – particularly as the continent seems to the upcoming.

 

We know that the major economic opportunity ahead of us is Africa’s demographic dividend. To generate that dividend, nevertheless, we require to meet the aspirations of the new technology. A essential factor to carrying out that is making certain that community assets are used efficiently and lead to shared and long lasting prosperity of the people.

 

And Africa’s leaders are stepping up to this challenge – with some position even larger than many developed economies in the location of governance.

 

We noticed it in Rwanda as it adopted additional superior institutions to rebuild from a devastating conflict.

 

We noticed it in Seychelles as it undertook detailed financial and institutional reforms to decisively deal with its 2008 credit card debt disaster.

 

And listed here in Botswana, we observed the advancement of a very good policy framework to prudently regulate the wealth from mining methods. 

 

Nowadays these international locations lead the region in seem governance, but lots of some others are also using decisive actions.

 

We have noticed good fiscal governance reforms in nations these types of as Gambia, and Senegal.

 

Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mauritius, and Ghana have enacted anti-income laundering frameworks.

 

So, what classes can the location study from these illustrations?  

 

To start with: the most effective nations around the world in this area have a higher amount of political determination to fantastic governance and transparency. You can see that in a amount of methods. How their budgets are formulated and presented – they have open accessibility about proposed coverage actions. The independence of their central banking institutions from political pressures. Their determination to declaring the belongings of key community officers.

 

Their resolve to publishing timely audits and next up on findings to maintain corporations and people accountable.

 

A 2nd critical element we see: regard for the rule of legislation and assets rights. When overseas traders commit in a place, they do so, being aware of that the federal government will regard the contracts, and home rights will be enforced.

 

A significant priority—and an vital third element lots of of these international locations bring—is guaranteeing performance, transparency and public oversight of these kinds of investments. In a e book that the IMF lately launched on very good governance in Sub-Saharan Africa, my colleagues stage to experiments that convey to us that when there is not plenty of government oversight on the general public procurement procedure, the charge of the tasks tends to be better.

 

We see a substantial require to improve public investment decision in Africa throughout infrastructure, health and training — in a way that is much more productive and transparent.

 

Fourth, access to data. When we communicate to civil modern society businesses, this is one particular of the locations they emphasize, so citizens can be knowledgeable and can keep their governments accountable for their actions.

 

And eventually, innovation and technologies, which we imagine can play a huge job in supporting government supply on these priorities.  In point, we saw nations around the world speedily adapt to the pandemic with innovations that aided governments throughout the continent provide their folks far more transparently and effectively.

 

For instance, Sierra Leone introduced online programs to enhance the government’s ability to observe quarantine periods and other providers like food stuff supply.

 

Togo used technology to detect and validate the needy, and mobile funds to supply direct hard cash transfers to them. And South Africa used chatbots to minimize the unfold of bogus details on COVID-19.

 

These are just a several examples that clearly show us why it is important for policymakers to increase the use of know-how to enhance the efficiency of government procedures – and also allow higher transparency. Integrating new engineering into locations like money management, procurement, or monitoring of organic source administration can revolutionize how government operates. It can also rework relations among governing administration, non-public sector, and civil society – reducing unneeded interactions, and enabling extra dynamic and inclusive types of oversight and monitoring.

 

Enable me close by expressing that improving upon governance and accountability in Africa is not only doable but it is truly taking place – as you heard from my lots of illustrations. Of class, we have miles to go in our attempts. And it is a extended approach that necessitates solid political will and consistent initiatives over time.

 

As every of our member international locations move in that path, I want to strengthen that the IMF is firmly fully commited to being a dependable associate in your attempts. This conference is a stepping stone in the energy toward what is perhaps one particular of the most crucial concerns of our moments.

 

I would love to hear your ideas throughout the meeting. Thank you.

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IMF Communications Division
MEDIA RELATIONS

Press OFFICER: Nicolas Mombrial

Telephone: +1 202 623-7100Email: [email protected]

@IMFSpokesperson

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Minnie Arwood

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